英文论文开题报告写作技巧

  导语:一篇优秀的英语论文离不开开题报告的撰写。那么,如何写好开题报告成为同学们非常苦恼的问题。下面是小编分享的英文论文开题报告的写作技巧,欢迎阅读!

  开题报告的一般内容

  课题来源、开题依据和背景情况,课题研究目的以及理论意义和实际应用价值。

  文献综述。在阅读规定文献量(不少于50篇,其中外文文献占40%以上)的基础上,着重阐述该研究课题国内外的研究现状及发展动态,同时介绍查阅文献的范围以及查阅方式、手段。

  主要研究内容。包括学术构思、研究方法、关键技术、技术路线、实施方案、可行性分析、研究中可能遇到的难点、解决的方法和措施以及预期目标。

  拟采用的实验手段,所需科研和实验条件,估计课题工作量和所需经费,研究工作进度计划。

  主要参考文献,列出至少10篇所查阅参考的文献。

  写好开题报告的技巧

  提出问题注意“层次”

  在提出问题时,要以“内行”看得懂的术语和明确的逻辑来表述。

  选题来源包括:与自己实际工作或科研工作相关的、较为熟悉的问题;自己从事的专业。

  问题发展迅速,需要综合评价;反映本学科的新理论、新技术或新动向的题目。

  所选题目不宜过大,越具体越容易收集资料,从某一个侧面入手,容易深入。

  瞄准主流文献,随时整理

  文献资料是撰写好学术论文的基础。选择文献时应选择本学科的核心期刊、经典著作等,要注意所选文献的代表性、可靠性及科学性;选择文献应先看近期的(近3~5年),后看远期的,广泛阅读资料,有必要时还应找到有关文献所引用的原文阅读,在阅读时,注意做好读书卡片或读书笔记。

  整理资料时,要注意按照问题来组织文献资料,写文献综述时不是将看过的资料都罗列和陈述出来,而是要按照一定的思路将其提炼出来。只有这样,才能写出好的文献综述,也才能写出好的开题报告,进而为写出好的论文打下基础。

  研究目标具体而不死板

  一般开题报告都要求明确学位论文的研究目标,但笔者认为,研究目标不宜规定得太死板,这是因为,即使条件一定,目标是偏高还是偏低,往往难于准确判断,研究工作本身,涉及求知因素,各个实验室条件不同,具体研究时条件也不同。学位论文选题和研究目标体现了研究工作的价值特征。

  搜索技能篇

  google学术搜索

  google学术搜索的功能可以说是相当强大,这里先介绍了几个实用的小技能~

  查找图书馆试用资源

  试试搜索栏里输入:"intitle:试用数据库 inurl:lib" 便可以快速找到各高校图书馆的免费资源了。这些密码虽然持久不了,但是足够解燃眉之急。这是一个密码页。你可以保存起来,说不定今后你会用到它们。

  需要说明的是:百度查找中文的期刊还是很管用,因为百度中文页面更新很快,而google在中文方面就不是很在行了,但是英文网页,google则是一个星期更新一次,频率较快,优先采用检索国外数据!

  站内直接搜索

  谷歌对于一些流量大户,比如知乎,直接在搜索结果页面呈现了站内搜索框,很是方便。

  InfoSeek

  提供全文检索功能,并有较细致的分类目录,还可搜索图像。网页收录极其丰富,以西文为主,支持简体和繁体中文检索,但中文网页收录较少。查询时能够识别大小写和成语,且支持逻辑条件限制查询(AND、OR、NOT等)。高级检索功能较强,另有字典、事件查询、黄页、股票报价等多种服务。

  Wolfram Alpha

  图表数据伸手可得的神器!

  Wolfram Alpha是一个绘图计算器、在线图书馆、和搜寻引擎的综合体。它不像Google一样给出零碎的混杂的内容,而是直接将每一帧信息拼接成有效的影像,更直观地呈现结果。

  举个例子,想要了解中国人口数量变化,Wolfram Alpha会直接给出折线图;相当的方便、直观。

  英文论文开题报告是一篇高质量论文的开始,只有良好的开端,才可以给你的论[本文来自于www.JyQKw.cOm]文奠定坚实的基础。

  最新英语论文的开题报告范文

  1 introduction

  the intention of this study is to explore possible advantages of descriptive translation studies as in its application in translation practice and translation analysis.

  since early 20th century, translation studies gradually broke away from the marginal status within other related disciplines and established itself as an empirical science. from then on, schools of thought have kept coming out and each claims its legitimacy for existence. among these schools is descriptive translation studies (dts).

  dts approaches translation from an empirical perspective. translation is viewed to be a social activity having significant importance in the receiving culture and for the target community. therefore, translation is dealt with beyond the linguistic realization and language comparison, and is incorporated in social and cultural context.

  my attention was first directed to dts by its peculiar characteristic of observation, description and explanation. the subject is whatever happens in translation practice, from the determination of prospective function of translation to the process of translator’s choice of strategies, brainstorming and the revision, to the final product making appearance in the target community.

  the method of dts is basically descriptive. the prescriptive tendency and the problem-solution pattern is abandoned. translation phenomena are noted down. with accumulated data, some underlying truths about translation will come out which will prove to be instructive not only for theoretical probe but also for applied translation practice. i will apply this descriptive method in the case study of this thesis.

  a convenient tool has been set up to conduct dts. “norm” is operative at every stage of description and explanation. function, process and product and their relationship as well are skeletal structure of what constitute descriptive studies. translation phenomena are accounted for with the help of norm.

  the case taken in this thesis is the chinese classic the dream of red mansions. two english versions translated respectively by yang hsien-yi and david hawks are compared and observations are made in regard to their translation approaches.

  in this regard, my observations are limited to several aspects, i hope in-depth observation and explanation will done in light of dts.

  2 outline

  2.1 development and major concepts of dts

  in this part i will describe holms’ basic map of dts and the relationship between function, process and product. i will also discuss some important concepts such as pseudo-translation, multiple translation, translationese, norm etc.

  2.2 methodolgy

  i will in this part discuss the methodology of dts before i apply the same to the case study in this thesis with emphasis to be placed on semiotic approach and the concept norm.

  2.3 dts in contrast to other theories

  a contrast study will be conducted here with the objective to find the difference of dts from other theories such as equivalence theory and the chinese xin da ya criteria. some advantage will possibly be shown in this study.

  2.4 case study

  in this part, translation of the dream of red mansions (also translated as the story of the stone) will be under investigation in light of dts. translation samples to be quoted here will be selected at random.

  2.5 conclusion

  based on the above elaboration of dts and the case study, possible conclusion will be on the advantage of dts in specific study of translation. suggestions on further research efforts will be made also.

  (note: while the topic will remain the same, the above arrangement of contents is subject to change in the process of writing.)

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